Good governance and gross national happiness

There is a plethora of definitions of governance; various institutions define it differently depending upon their own contexts. For instance, from the development view point, the World Bank identifies three aspects of governance: i) the form of the political regime; ii) the process by which authority is exercised for the management of a country’s economic and social resources; and iii) the capacity of government to formulate and implement policies and discharge functions.[1] Similarly, the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA 1996) defines it as “the exercise of power by various levels of government that is effective, honest, equitable, transparent and accountable”. Daniel Kaufmann et al (2005), in aggregating governance indicators, identifies six dimensions of governance: i) voice and accountability; ii) political instability and violence; iii) government effectiveness; iv) regulatory quality; v) rule of law; and vi) control of corruption. In general, most of the literature agrees on common dimensions of governance like participation, rule of law, transparency, accountability, effective delivery of services and equity.

Good governance is one of the nine domains of Gross National Happiness (GNH) aimed towards enhancing the well-being of the Bhutanese people. Unlike other domains, governance cuts across all domains/sectors and therefore, its effect on the society at large arises from the cumulative efforts of all sectors. Article 9 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan states, “the State shall strive to promote those conditions that will enable the successful pursuit of Gross National Happiness”. Though the constitution has been adopted only recently, happiness has been the main concern of all our monarchs, especially the Fourth Druk Gyalpo. Happiness has also been the ultimate purpose of social and economic development plans and programs since the early seventies. Although GNH was not expressed explicitly then, the provision of free health and education services, development of basic infrastructure, supply of clean drinking water, allotment of free timber to build houses, granting land and other kidu have been all aimed towards reducing misery and enhancing the welfare of the citizens. The pursuit of GNH is further continued by changing the political system from a monarchy to a parliamentary democracy.

It is evident from the reigns of all the successive Kings of Bhutan that the ultimate purpose of governance has been to bring greater well-being and happiness to a greater number of people. In this respect, governance in Bhutan has always been an integral part of the system of government and of political structures, which reflect and internalise GNH values. In particular, efficiency, transparency and accountability have been the main thrust of the good governance exercise carried out in 1999 and revised in 2006 to enhance good governance in the country.

277 thoughts on “Good governance and gross national happiness

  1. If you pay attention towards tech information, on your own might contain noticed the existing buzzword, the “internet of components. ” Although this is a beautiful foolish moniker, it refers towards a predicament inside of which things, people today, or even pets are provided one of a kind identifiers, allowing for them in the direction of transmit details around a network without any communication with yet another human or a computer. Through the employ of wireless technological know-how and ru

  2. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get setup? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web smart so I’m not 100 certain. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated. Many thanks|

  3. What’s up,I log on to your blog named “YouTube” on a regular basis.Your humoristic style is awesome, keep up the good work! And you can look our website about proxy list.

  4. Hello Web Admin, I noticed that your On-Page SEO is is missing a few factors, for one you do not use all three H tags in your post, also I notice that you are not using bold or italics properly in your SEO optimization. On-Page SEO means more now than ever since the new Google update: Panda. No longer are backlinks and simply pinging or sending out a RSS feed the key to getting Google PageRank or Alexa Rankings, You now NEED On-Page SEO. So what is good On-Page SEO?First your keyword must appear in the title.Then it must appear in the URL.You have to optimize your keyword and make sure that it has a nice keyword density of 3-5% in your article with relevant LSI (Latent Semantic Indexing). Then you should spread all H1,H2,H3 tags in your article.Your Keyword should appear in your first paragraph and in the last sentence of the page. You should have relevant usage of Bold and italics of your keyword.There should be one internal link to a page on your blog and you should have one image with an alt tag that has your keyword….wait there’s even more Now what if i told you there was a simple WordPress plugin that does all the On-Page SEO, and automatically for you? That’s right AUTOMATICALLY, just watch this 4minute video for more information at. Seo Plugin

  5. cartierlovejesduas I Just saw Contagion – and CDC Researcher Dr. Ally Hextal (played by Jennifer Ehle) deserves a mention. Not a main character but central to the plot. Cool in a crisis but at the same time quietly outraged that the successful scientific process to find a vaccine is overshadowed by a moment of weakness by her boss when he informs loved ones to leave town. And she injects herself with the vaccine as a first test! Not unheard of in the medical sciences.
    cartier love replica ring diamond [url=http://www.latestbracelet.com/tag/fake-cartier-love-ring]cartier love replica ring diamond[/url]

  6. Hello! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us, so I came to give it a look. I’m enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Wonderful blog and amazing design and style.

  7. “I carry on listening to the news update speak about getting free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the best site to get one. Could you tell me please, where could i find some?”

  8. “Pretty component to content. I simply stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to claim that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your weblog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing on your augment or even I achievement you get admission to persistently quickly.”

  9. “Tremendous things here. I’m very happy to peer your article. Thank you so much and I’m taking a look ahead to contact you. Will you kindly drop me a mail?”

  10. “I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area. Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this web site. Reading this info So i’m happy to convey that I’ve an incredibly good uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I most certainly will make sure to don’t forget this site and give it a glance regularly.”

  11. “Definitely believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks”

  12. “I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this website. I’m hoping the same high-grade site post from you in the upcoming as well. Actually your creative writing skills has encouraged me to get my own website now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings rapidly. Your write up is a good example of it.”

  13. Pingback: Google
  14. “You’ve made some really good points there. I looked on the web for additional information about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this site.”

  15. “I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz respond as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like to know where u got this from. appreciate it”

  16. Pingback: Google
  17. Pingback: cargo
  18. “Thanks for the suggestions shared in your blog. One more thing I would like to mention is that losing weight is not information about going on a fad diet and trying to reduce as much weight as you can in a couple of days. The most effective way to burn fat is by acquiring it slowly and gradually and using some basic guidelines which can provide help to make the most out of your attempt to shed pounds. You may be aware and already be following many of these tips, however reinforcing knowledge never hurts.”

  19. Pingback: ノロウイルス
  20. Pingback: Hanoi Tam Coc
  21. “Wonderful blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News. Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Many thanks”

  22. “Thanks for your write-up. What I want to say is that when evaluating a good on the web electronics shop, look for a web page with full information on critical indicators such as the personal privacy statement, safety measures details, payment options, and also other terms and policies. Always take time to browse the help along with FAQ pieces to get a better idea of how a shop is effective, what they can perform for you, and just how you can maximize the features.”

  23. “whoah this blog is great i love reading your posts. Keep up the great work! You realize, lots of individuals are looking round for this info, you could help them greatly.”

  24. “It really is mostly close to impossible to find well-informed viewers on this theme, regrettably you come across as like you fully understand what you’re covering! Many Thanks”

  25. Pingback: php ecommerce
  26. “Hello! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be okay. I’m undoubtedly enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.”

  27. “Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News. Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Appreciate it”

  28. Pingback: lovers kit
  29. Pingback: best lube brands
  30. “I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an nervousness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this hike.”

  31. “Thanks for your post on this blog site. From my experience, often times softening right up a photograph may possibly provide the photographer with a chunk of an artistic flare. Often however, this soft cloud isn’t precisely what you had as the primary goal and can sometimes spoil a normally good picture, especially if you thinking about enlarging that.”

  32. Pingback: accounting
  33. “Good day! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a team of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us beneficial information to work on. You have done a wonderful job!”

  34. “I have discovered some new points from your web site about computers. Another thing I have always presumed is that computer systems have become an item that each house must have for several reasons. They supply you with convenient ways in which to organize households, pay bills, go shopping, study, pay attention to music as well as watch television shows. An innovative solution to complete many of these tasks has been a laptop. These pcs are mobile, small, highly effective and lightweight.”

  35. “Hi there everyone, it’s my first go to see at this site, and piece of writing is actually fruitful in favor of me, keep up posting these articles.”

  36. Pingback: Dildo
  37. Pingback: Butt plugs
  38. “I might also like to state that most individuals who find themselves with out health insurance are usually students, self-employed and those that are out of work. More than half with the uninsured are under the age of Thirty-five. They do not sense they are looking for health insurance simply because they’re young as well as healthy. Their own income is normally spent on housing, food, in addition to entertainment. Many people that do represent the working class either entire or in their free time are not offered insurance by their work so they head out without owing to the rising valuation on health insurance in the United States. Thanks for the tips you talk about through this blog.”

  39. “”Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he just bought me lunch because I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that Thank you for lunch!””

  40. “Hi this is somewhat of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding skills so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!”

  41. Pingback: massage oil
  42. Pingback: Anal toys
  43. “In accordance with my study, after a foreclosures home is offered at a sale, it is common for the borrower to be able to still have some sort ofthat remaining balance on the personal loan. There are many financial institutions who try to have all charges and liens paid by the upcoming buyer. Nonetheless, depending on a number of programs, restrictions, and state guidelines there may be quite a few loans that aren’t easily sorted out through the transfer of financial loans. Therefore, the responsibility still rests on the lender that has had his or her property in foreclosure process. Thank you for sharing your ideas on this weblog.”

  44. Pingback: Cock ring
  45. Pingback: Nipple Toys
  46. Pingback: bangal ka jadu
  47. Pingback: Mikemaid7447
  48. Pingback: bangal ka jadu
  49. Pingback: driving tips
  50. Pingback: penile toy
  51. Pingback: Amber Hawkins
  52. “hi!,I really like your writing so much! share we be in contact more approximately your article on AOL? I require an expert in this space to unravel my problem. May be that’s you! Looking forward to peer you.”

  53. “Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the pictures on this blog loading? I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.”

  54. Pingback: wand vibrator
  55. Pingback: dildos
  56. “I have acquired some new issues from your internet site about pcs. Another thing I’ve always thought is that computer systems have become something that each home must have for some reasons. They provide convenient ways in which to organize the home, pay bills, search for information, study, pay attention to music and perhaps watch tv programs. An innovative method to complete most of these tasks has been a laptop. These pcs are mobile ones, small, strong and transportable.”

  57. Pingback: toys for couples
  58. Pingback: gay sex
  59. “I’m not sure why but this web site is loading incredibly slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end? I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.”

  60. Pingback: tack mats
  61. “Hi there! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new apple iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the fantastic work!”

  62. “magnificent issues altogether, you simply won a emblem new reader. What would you recommend in regards to your submit that you just made some days ago? Any positive?”

  63. Pingback: Black taekwondo gi
  64. Pingback: couples kit
  65. Pingback: wand vibrator
  66. Pingback: dildo
  67. “Appreciate you for sharing these kinds of wonderful threads. In addition, the right travel and also medical insurance approach can often relieve those concerns that come with travelling abroad. The medical emergency can soon become extremely expensive and that’s guaranteed to quickly decide to put a financial stress on the family finances. Putting in place the great travel insurance package deal prior to leaving is worth the time and effort. Thanks”

  68. Pingback: LilTuneChi
  69. Pingback: #beats
  70. Pingback: slave kit
  71. Pingback: gay male toys
  72. Pingback: freelancer
  73. Pingback: Potholes
  74. Pingback: Unusual Sex Toys
  75. Pingback: errotic stories
  76. Pingback: Garden Bridges
  77. Pingback: plug toys
  78. Pingback: prostate cancer
  79. Pingback: North East Vietnam
  80. Pingback: Gaffer Tape
  81. Pingback: #energy healing
  82. Pingback: shari berries
  83. “hey there and thank you on your info – I’ve definitely picked up something new from proper here. I did however experience several technical points the usage of this web site, as I skilled to reload the website many occasions prior to I may just get it to load correctly. I had been brooding about if your hosting is OK? No longer that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances instances will often have an effect on your placement in google and could damage your high-quality rating if advertising and ***********|advertising|advertising|advertising and *********** with Adwords. Well I am including this RSS to my email and can look out for a lot more of your respective intriguing content. Ensure that you update this once more very soon..”

  84. “I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area. Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this site. Reading this info So i’m happy to convey that I’ve a very good uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I most certainly will make sure to don’t forget this site and give it a glance regularly.”

  85. “I figured out more a new challenge on this weight-loss issue. One particular issue is a good nutrition is extremely vital while dieting. A tremendous reduction in bad foods, sugary ingredients, fried foods, sugary foods, red meat, and bright flour products may be necessary. Retaining wastes unwanted organisms, and contaminants may prevent aims for losing weight. While a number of drugs momentarily solve the situation, the awful side effects are certainly not worth it, they usually never supply more than a non permanent solution. It is just a known idea that 95% of fad diets fail. Thanks for sharing your thinking on this weblog.”

  86. I do agree with all of the ideas you have offered on your
    post. They’re really convincing and will definitely work.

    Nonetheless, the posts are too short for novices. May just you please prolong them
    a bit from next time? Thanks for the post.

  87. “You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be actually something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!”

  88. “”I think this is among the most significant info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on few general things, The site style is perfect, the articles is really great D. Good job, cheers””

  89. Τhanks for any other informative site. Where else may
    juѕt I ɑm getting that kind of іnfo written іn such a perfect way?
    I havе a undertaking that І am just now working on, and I’ve been at the ⅼook out for such info.

  90. Pingback: antiskid tape
  91. Pingback: usuwanie dpf
  92. “Wow, superb weblog layout! How long have you been running a blog for? you made running a blog look easy. The full glance of your site is fantastic, let alone the content material!”

  93. “I’ve been browsing online greater than 3 hours today, yet I by no means found any interesting article like yours. It is beautiful price enough for me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made just right content material as you probably did, the net will probably be a lot more helpful than ever before.”

  94. “I have observed that online diploma is getting preferred because obtaining your degree online has changed into a popular option for many people. A lot of people have not had a possible opportunity to attend an established college or university nevertheless seek the raised earning potential and a better job that a Bachelor’s Degree affords. Still some others might have a degree in one training but would wish to pursue one thing they already have an interest in.”

  95. “Hi there! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new apple iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the excellent work!”

  96. “That is very interesting, You are an overly professional blogger. I’ve joined your feed and look ahead to in quest of extra of your wonderful post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!”

  97. “I used to be recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not certain whether this submit is written via him as no one else know such specific approximately my problem. You are amazing! Thank you!”

  98. An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment.

    I do think that you should write more about this topic, it may not be a taboo subject
    but generally people do not discuss these subjects. To the next!
    Cheers!!

  99. “Good day! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success. If you know of any please share. Thanks!”

  100. “I’ve learned several important things as a result of your post. I would also like to state that there will be a situation where you will make application for a loan and do not need a co-signer such as a Federal Student Aid Loan. In case you are getting credit through a traditional loan service then you need to be ready to have a cosigner ready to help you. The lenders may base their decision on a few components but the largest will be your credit score. There are some loan merchants that will likewise look at your work history and make a decision based on that but in many cases it will depend on your report.”

  101. I have noticed you don’t monetize your website, don’t waste your
    traffic, you can earn extra cash every month because you’ve got hi
    quality content. If you want to know how to make extra bucks, search for:
    best adsense alternative Dracko’s tricks

  102. “Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!”

  103. “I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I do not know who you are but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!”

  104. I have noticed you don’t monetize your site, don’t waste your traffic, you can earn additional cash every month because you’ve got high quality content.
    If you want to know how to make extra $$$,
    search for: Mrdalekjd methods for $$$

Leave a Comment