Please download the Hon’ble Prime Minister’s Keynote Speech for the International Conference on Gross National Happiness 2015.
Main Findings At-A-Glance
GNH is a much richer objective than GDP or economic growth. In GNH, material well-being is important but it is also important to enjoy sufficient well-being in things like community, culture, governance, knowledge and wisdom, health, spirituality and psychological welfare, a balanced use of time, and harmony with the environment.
The 2015 GNH Index on a purpose-built survey of 7153 Bhutanese in every Dzongkhag of Bhutan. From that, analysts create a GNH profile for each person, showing their well-being across in the 9 domains mentioned above. The national GNH Index draws on every person’s portrait to give the national measure.
The 2015 GNH Index At-A-Glance
- 91.2% of Bhutanese are narrowly, extensively, or deeply happy.
- 43.4% of Bhutanese are extensively or deeply happy, up from 40.9% in 2010.
- Across groups:
- Men are happier than women
- People living in urban areas are happier than rural residents
- Single and married people are happier than widowed divorced, or separated o More educated people are happier
- Farmers are less happy than other occupational groups.
- Across districts, GNH was highest in Gasa, Bumthang, Thimphu, and Paro, and lowest in Dagana, Mongar, Tashi Yangtse, and Trongsa.
How GNH changed 2010-2015
- GNH increased significantly from 2010-2015 by 1.8%
- The percentage of extensively/deeply happy people increased from 40.9% to 43.4%.
- Increases were broadly equalizing, in that GNH increases among women, elders,those with no formal education, and farmers improved faster than others.
- GNH growth in urban areas outstripped rural improvements.
- Increases in GNH were driven by improved living standards and service delivery,better health, and participation in cultural festivals.
- However in some of the indicators there was a significant reduction in sufficiency.These were particularly noticeable in psychological well-being (anger, frustration, spirituality), community vitality (belonging), and cultural diversity (Driglam Namzha).The GNH Index findings paint an intricate and textured picture of the lives of Bhutanese, tracing them with much greater care and curiosity than GDP or any other existing index. Dasho Karma Ura, Director of the Centre for Bhutan Studies and GNH Research, said: “The 2015 GNH Index provides a self-portrait of a society in flux, and offers Bhutanese the opportunity to reflect on the directions society is moving, and make wise and determined adjustments.”