Psychological Well-Being

The literature on psychological well-being has progressed rapidly since the emergence of the field over five decades ago. As recent surveys show psychologists and other social scientists have taken huge steps in their understanding of the factors influencing psychological/ subjective well-being.

Psychological well-being refers to how people evaluate their lives. According to Diener (1997), these evaluations may be in the form of cognitions or in the form of affect. The cognitive part is an information based appraisal of one’s life that is when a person gives conscious evaluative judgments about one’s satisfaction with life as a whole. The affective part is a hedonic evaluation guided by emotions and feelings such as frequency with which people experience pleasant/unpleasant moods in reaction to their lives. The assumption behind this is that most people evaluate their life as either good or bad, so they are normally able to offer judgments. Further, people invariably experience moods and emotions, which have a positive effect or a negative effect. Thus, people have a level of subjective well-being even if they do not often consciously think about it, and the psychological system offers virtually a constant evaluation of what is happening to the person.

In this paper we have defined psychological well-being in terms of internal experience of the respondent and their own perception of their lives. We focused both on momentary moods and long term states of their mental well-being.

Current social indicators can capture phenomena such as crime, divorce, environmental problems, infant mortality, gender equality, etc. Thus, they can capture aspects of quality of life that add to the description drawn by economic indicators. However, these social indicators fail to capture the subjective well-being of people because they do not reflect the actual experiences such as the quality of relationships, the regulation of their emotions and whether feelings of isolation and depression pervade in their daily life. On the other hand, economic indicators fail to include side effects and the tradeoffs of market production and consumption. For example, the environmental costs of industries certainly are not observed from the national accounts. Another disadvantage of economic and social measures in terms of their links to psychological well-being is that they are based on models of rational choice, whereby people follow a set of logical rules when making development plans. However, works by Kahneman (1994) in psychology and economics reveal that people do not always make rational choices, and that these choices do not necessarily enhance psychological well-being.

Currently in Bhutan, economic and social indicators are available and frequently updated as most organisations do some research on it.  Even the media and policies provide emphasis on such indicators, while no national measures of psychological well-being exist. The measurement of psychological well-being has advanced so much over the years that it is time to give a privileged place to people’s well-being in policy debates. A GNH society calls for the inclusion of well-being indicators at par with economic ones. Media should provide attention to how a society is progressing in terms of psychological well-being and politicians should base their campaigns on their plans for reducing distress, increasing life satisfaction and happiness level.

Psychological well-being leads to desirable outcomes, even economic ones, and does not necessarily follow from them. In a very intensive research done by Diener and his colleagues, people who score high in psychological well-being later earn high income and perform better at work then people who score low in well-being. It is also found to be related to physical health. In addition, it is often noticed that what a society measures will in turn influence the things that it seeks. If a society takes great effort to measure productivity, people in the society are likely to focus more on it and sometimes even to the detriment of other values. If a society regularly assesses well-being, people will provide their attention on it and learn more about its causes. Psychological well-being is therefore valuable not only because it assesses well-being more directly but it has beneficial consequences.

16 Commentsto Psychological Well-Being

  1. Overstepping his constitutional powers, amazing. It reminds me of someone much more recent
    how much is the copy rolex lady steel and gold watch [url=]how much is the copy rolex lady steel and gold watch[/url]

  2. Ciao a tutti, ho chiamato il 190 ieri sera alle 17.40 e l’operatrice (gentilissima) mi ha disattivato in un istante e senza fare storie la mobile internet. Alle 18.30 ho attivato da PC la promozione 6×6 ma sino ad ora nessun sms di conferma. Qualcuno lo ha già ricevuto?
    how much is a Knockoff rolex mens two tone watch [url=]how much is a Knockoff rolex mens two tone watch[/url]

  3. Haha I’ve done that a few times with my friends. We’d come up with elaborate background stories for the people walking around. Good way to test your creativity!
    how much is the Knockoff rolex mens green watch [url=]how much is the Knockoff rolex mens green watch[/url]

  4. Great article Thanks for sharing.

  5. Dino Tupaj says:

    Awesome article Thanks for sharing.

  6. Awesome post Thanks for sharing.

  7. Harvey says:

    Greetings! Really helpful advice on this article! It is
    the small changes that make the largest changes.

    Thanks a lot for sharing!

  8. There are no users celebrating their anniversaries in the next 7 days.

  9. What’s up,I check your new stuff named “YouTube” on a regular basis.Your writing style is awesome, keep doing what you’re doing! And you can look our website about مهرجانات 2017.

  10. Thi Griffie says:

    Browse online cams from REAL PEOPLE like you! Broadcast your own cam if you want to flaunt what you’ve got.

  11. Hello there, You have done an incredible job. I will definitely digg it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they’ll be benefited from this site.|

  12. Nice answer back in return of this issue with real arguments and explaining all on the topic of that.|

  13. Johan Endre says:

    Local Daytona Beach Man Johan Endre save Drowning Victim

  14. Aja45 says:

    Hi blogger is see you aren’t making money on you website.
    You can earn a lot using one simple method, search on youtube: how to make money online reselling

  15. A Neighbor lends a helping hand

  16. اغاني says:

    Thanks for every other magnificent article

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.