GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS: PRACTICE AND MEASUREMENT

GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS: PRACTICE AND MEASUREMENT

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Gross National Happiness

Edited by Dasho Karma Ura and Dorji Penjore

This publication is the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Gross National Happiness held in Thimphu, Bhutan, from 24 to 26 November 2008, against the backdrop of the global financial crisis. The conference which attracted 90 participants from 25 countries and five continents was attended by an average of 300 participants and observers. With the theme ‘Practice and Measurement’, the conference could not be held at a better place and time than Bhutan, the birthplace of GNH, and a time when the world is questioning the conventional growth model and its measurement system.

A total of 48 papers were presented. Almost all papers have been categorised to fit into one of the nine domains of Gross National Happiness: i. Psychological Wellbeing; ii. Time Use and Balance; iii. Cultural Diversity and Resilience; iv. Community Vitality; v. Ecological Diversity and Resilience; vi. Good Governance; vii. Health; viii. Education; and ix. Living Standard. Papers related to measuring progress and development of alternative measure of wellbeing (Measurement), and those related to carrying the GNH forward into global network and development of innovative ideas for implementing GNH (The Way Forward) constitute two separate parts.

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Sl.No. Content Author

Page no.

0 Cover and Copyright page  
0 Introduction

vi

1 Keynote Address His Excellency Jigmi Y Thinley, Hon’ble Prime Minister of Bhutan

1

2 Remarks Nicholas Rossellini, Resident Coordinator of UN System in Bhutan

9


Measurement
3 Measuring Progress Towards GNH: From GNH Indicators to GNH National Accounts? Ronald Colman

15

4 The Analysis of Results of Research into ‘The Ideal Society’ in Japan, Sweden and Bhutan – Using the Indicators of Human Satisfaction Measure Terue Ohashi

49

5 The Global Project on Measuring the Progress of Societies: A global movement for a global challenge Jon Hall

87

6 Creating National Accounts of Wellbeing; a parallel process to GNH Nic Marks

102


Psychological Wellbeing
 7 Can We Have Both Psychological and Ecological Wellbeing George Burns

127

8 The Nature-Nurture Debate: New Evidence and Good News Ragnhild Bang Nes

149


Time Use
9 Time use and Happiness Karma Galay

169


Culture
10 Internalizing the Other–Cross Cultural Understanding in Arts and Education Sharon Lowen

209

11 Role of meditation in promoting happiness Khenpo Phuntsho Tashi

218

12 The Semantic Structure of Gross National Happiness: A View From Conceptual Metaphor Theory Carl Polley

228


Community Vitality
13 Development and (Un)happiness: A case Study from Rural Ethiopia Dena Freeman

241

14 Religious Institution Based Community-hood and Identity of a ‘Muslim Community’ in a ‘Remote’ Rural Village in Bangladesh Mohammed Kamruzzaman

257

15 To Think Like an Island: Three-Capital Model in Pursuing GNH in Taiwan Juju Chin Shou Wang

276

Ecological Diversity and Resilience
16 Institutional Challenges to ‘Patience’ in the Collective Management of Public Goods Ram Fishman

303

17 Status Symbols, Ecosystems and Sustainability Arthur Fishman

331

Good Governance
18 Good Organizational Practice and GNH: A Proposal for Organizational Performance Indicators Anne-Marie Schreven

331

19 Between Earth and Sky: Formal Organizations as Instrument in Creating GNH John Nirenberg

351

20 Do Information and Communication Technologies Further or Hinder Gross National Happiness? Jason Whalley and Kezang

368

21 ICT Key Role in the Economic Development of Haiti: Lessons from Pilot Projects in Rural Haiti and Associated Directions of Contribution to the GNH Index Serge MirandaFrantz Verella, and Tahar Saiah

391

Health
22 A Paradigm Shift in Health Care to Increase GNH Dr Chencho Dorji

413

23 Nature- Deficit Disorder and the Spirit of Wilderness Dave Augeri

436

24 Dynamic Aging Ethel Lowen

456


Education
25 Western Education, Socialization and Individualism Andrie Kusserow

467

26 Gross National Happiness in the Classroom – A Teacher’s Thoughts Meena Srinivasan

480

27 Conceptualising Education for Constitutional Monarchy System: Meiji Japan’s View and Approach Masanori Kakutani

487

28 Schools in Rural Areas and GNH: Endogenous Actions of Small Communities in Japan and Sweden Michiyo Okuma Nystrom

503

Living Standard
29 Shift in the Measure of Quality of Life viz-a-viz Happiness – A Study of Phongmey Gewog and Trashigang Town in Eastern Bhutan Vijay Shrotryia

525

30 Japan’s Paradigm Shift from Growth to Happiness: Slowing Down to Advance Wellbeing Junko Edahiro and Riichiro Oda

548

31 Food Security and Gross National Happiness Akiko Ueda

568

32 Optimal Condition of Happiness: Application of Taguchi Robust Parameter Design on Evidences from India Prabhat Pankaj and Deobra

582

GNH – The Way Forward
33 The Future of Happiness as a National Pursuit Ross MacDonald

613

34 Critical Holism: A New Development Paradigm Inspired by Gross National Happiness? Hans van Willenswaard

632

35 GNH: Changing Views, a Label for Quality Information Nille van Hellemont

672

Contributor’s biography

689